About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 6290
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-81

Effects of concentric and eccentric exercises in the rehabilitation of flexible flat foot - A randomized trial


Department of Physiotherapy, Alvas College of Physiotherapy, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hariharasudhan Ravichandran
Department of Physiotherapy, Alvas College of Physiotherapy, Dakshina Kannada - 574 227, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjsm.sjsm_7_22

Rights and Permissions

Background: Flexible flat feet are one of the common presentations in the lower limb, which may be associated with postural stability, pathologies, and injuries. There are intrinsic and extrinsic causes for flat feet. Strengthening of muscles supporting the medial arch is the major goal in rehabilitating individuals with flat feet. Both concentric and eccentric strengthening programs are implemented in the rehabilitation of flat feet. Objectives: The objective of the study is to compare the effectiveness of concentric and eccentric exercise programs on improving navicular drop in adults with pronated feet. Materials and Methods: One hundred and four participants, between the age group of 18 and 25 years, were screened for pronated feet. Fifty-four participants fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomly assigned to either concentric (n = 27) or eccentric exercise group (n = 28). Both the groups performed their assigned exercise programs, either concentric or eccentric tibialis posterior strengthening exercises, respectively, for a duration of 6 weeks. Navicular drop test outcomes were assessed at baseline and postintervention. Results: The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS 20.0 version. Within-group analysis was performed using paired “t”-test, while between-group analysis performed using independent “t”-test. Postinterventional outcome was similar in both groups, and concentric group had significant outcomes (P = 0.006) in weight-bearing navicular drop test compared to eccentric group. There exists no statistical significance (P < 0.05) between the groups in improving medial longitudinal arch. Conclusion: Both concentric and eccentric exercises were equally effective in improving the medial longitudinal arch among participants with flexible flat foot. Future studies with long-term follow-up are recommended to validate the results of this study.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed961    
    Printed46    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded42    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal