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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-73

Gait parameters, selected anthropometric variables, psychological status, and performance level among professional basketball players in Lagos


Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashiyat Kehinde Akodu
Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, PMB 12003, Idi-Araba, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjsm.sjsm_9_22

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Introduction: Even though basketball is a popular sport all over the world, there is a paucity of data on gait, mental status, and the level of performance of basketball players compared to other types of sport. Objectives: This study evaluated the correlation among gait parameters, selected anthropometric variables, psychological status, and performance level among professional basketball players. Materials and Methods: Fifty (25 males and 25 females) professional basketball players were enrolled for this cross-sectional analytical study, with a mean age of 17.16 ± 2.87 years from a Basketball court in Lagos state. Gait parameters, psychological status, performance level, and anthropometric variables were evaluated with footprint method, Psychological Performance Inventory-Alternative, vertical jump height (HT) and tape measure. Data were analyzed using the Independent t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient at a significant level of P < 0.05. Results: Significant correlation exist between gait parameters (stride length [STRL] [r = −0.306, P = 0.004], step length [STPL] [−0.272, P = 0.006], base of gait [BOG] [r = −0.169, P = 0.031]), and psychological status of female participants. Significant correlation exist between gait parameters and the anthropometric variables; Arm span: STRL (r = 0.527, P = 0.0001), STPL (r = 0.506, P = 0.0001), BOG (r = 0.302, P = 0.033), arm length: STRL (r = 0.539, P = 0.0001), STPL (0.529, P = 0.0001), hand span: STRL (r = 0.577, P = 0.0001), STPL (r = 0.448, P = 0.001), BOG (r = 0.281, P = 0.048) of the participants. Significant differences (P < 0.05) exist between the performance level Vertical Jump Test Standing HT (P = 0.001), Vertical Jump Test Jump HT (P = 0.0001), and BOG (P = 0.0001) of male and female participants. Conclusion: Gait parameters have a significant influence on psychological status and some selected anthropometric variables of female professional basketball players. There was a difference between the level of performance and BOG of male and female participants.


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