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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 31-35

Efficacy of physical therapy intervention in sports-related concussion among young individuals age-group – A narrative review

1 Senior Physical Therapist, King Fahd Central Hospital, Medical Rehabilitation Center, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Senior Musculoskeletal Physical Therapist, King Faisal Medical City for Southern Regions, Medical Rehabilitation Center, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shadab Uddin
Jazan University, Jizan
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjsm.sjsm_33_20

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Concussion has always been described as a suddenly and unexpectedly inflicted transitory functional brain illness and implicated as a diverse pathophysiological mechanism. A thread of mild traumatic brain injury is a concussion that are normally “self-limited and at the less-severe end of the brain injury spectrum.” Various studies have covered sport-related concussions in young athletes. Approximately 75% of these injuries occur at secondary school and college level with higher predilection among females, especially in soccer. Risk factors for concussion are male gender, high body mass index, and some sports, for example, American football. Consequentially, it may lead to diverse somatic, cognitive, and emotional signs and symptoms including memory disturbances, mental confusion, and difficulty concentrating. Disparate physical therapy evaluation methods and interventional strategies are being employed in this context to achieve the therapeutic goal. Any article concerning concussion injury and associated physical therapy among young individuals age group concerning football is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to focus on concussions in young football players, who have the highest chance of being injured or reinjured after returning to play.

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