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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 174-178

Effect of resistance exercise training on blood pressure in Indians: Systematic review

1 Department of Physiotherapy, GJUS and T, Hisar, Haryana, India
2 Human resource Devlopment Centre, GJUS and T, Hisar, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sonu Punia
Department of Physiotherapy, GJUS and T, Hisar, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.191332

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Backround: Hypertension (HTN) is an emerging "silent killer" causing 6% deaths worldwide. HTN is defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mmHg, a diastolic BP (DBP) ≥90 mmHg. Methodology: A database of randomized controlled trials on the effect of exercise training on BP is searched. A systematic search was conducted of resistance training for the period November 1, 2015, until February 28, 2016. The search strategy included key words RE, training, BP, and India, and these were combined with a sensitive search strategy to identify randomized controlled trials. About 1220 articles published since 2012 were identified for review. Of these 1220 publications, 93 trials were included in the review. Some of these trials involved several groups of individuals or applied different training regimens so that a total of six studies were used for review. Collectively, exercise intervention length minimum from 4 weeks. For those studies that reported data, the between study frequency ranged from 1 to 7 times per week, and intensity ranged from 30% to 100% of 1 repetition maximum (RM) for dynamic resistance training. Resuts: The results suggest that there was a mean reduction of 4.84 mmHg in SBP and 3.11 mmHg in DBP in resistance training group. Conclusion: The present review concludes that RE training reduces the BP in Indians.

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