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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-100

Sport-related renal injuries among children: A review of literature


Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hamdan Hammad Alhazmi
Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.180133

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Sport-related renal trauma among children is a type of injury results usually from a blunt abdominal trauma during nonorganized sport. It can happen during either individual sports such as cycling, skating, skiing, sledding, snowboarding, gymnastics, and horseback riding or in clash sports such as football, rugby, soccer, martial arts, and ice hockey. Trauma may lead to hematuria, hemorrhage, thrombosis, renal artery occlusion or destruction, and tissue disruption of parenchyma and collecting ducts. Children are more susceptible to renal trauma due to anatomical variations from adults. Most injuries are managed conservatively with renal preservation. It is estimated that Sport-related renal trauma was 1-3% among children between 5 and 15 years in age. This narrative review article presents an overview of the current knowledge of sport-related renal trauma among children after review of 56 research paper focusing on etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, safety measures, and treatment. This information should assist healthcare practitioners who treat patients with this type of injury. Safety measures help in avoidance of such trauma and protect from unpleasant squeal.


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