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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 139-146

Effect of drainage tube on knee function after arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Sports Injury Centre, Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Atul Mahajan
Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.180182

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Background: There is a paucity of literature evaluating the use of intra-articular drains after arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and their effects on knee function. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of postoperative drain use on knee function after ACL reconstruction with quadrupled hamstring graft. Materials and Methods: In this study, 44 arthroscopic ACL reconstruction patients were randomized for either intra-articular suction drain group or nondrain group. Outcome assessment was done on postoperative day 4, day 10, 1 month, 3, 6, and 12 months after the surgery in which patients were asked to complete a visual analog pain scale. They were assessed for a range of motion (ROM) in flexion and extension with a universal goniometer, knee effusion, and knee stability by Lachman's test. Results: Both treatment and control groups showed no statistical significant difference in flexion of the knee through the ROM (P = 0.116). The percentage reduction in knee effusion was found to be statistically significant at 4 th (P < 0.001), 10 th (P < 0.001) 16, and 1 month (P = 0.012) in between treatment and control group. The overall pain difference between the two groups was not found to be statistically significant (P = 0.198). Conclusion: Clinically, the drain group showed faster pain relief, lesser effusion, and early return to motion compared to the no-drain group but was not statistically significant.

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