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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133-138

Effectiveness of pulsed ultrasound and cryotherapy on delayed onset muscle soreness

Department of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Venkata Nagaraj Kakaraparthi
Department of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, C/3/111, King Khalid University, P.O. Box: 3665, Guraiger, Abha
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.180180

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Purpose of the Study: Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is defined as the sensation of discomfort or pain in the skeletal muscles following physical activity, usually eccentric, to which an individual is not accustomed. DOMS begins usually 8-24 h after exercise in which pain, soreness, swelling, and stiffness and muscle spasm and peaks after 24-72 h. Cryotherapy and pulsed ultrasound were common modalities used to treat the DOMS effectively. Hence, this study is intended to compare the effect of these modalities on DOMS. Materials and Methods: Normal healthy individuals (n = 32) of age group between 18 and 30 years was selected randomly and divided into two groups. Group A received pulsed ultrasound therapy and Group B received cryotherapy. The total duration of the study was three sessions for 3 consecutive days. Measurements are taken initially before receiving the interventions and at the end of every treatment session by using universal goniometer for measurement of range of motion (ROM) and visual analog scale for pain. Data thus collected were analyzed and recorded for the study. Results: Mean ROM in Group A who received pulsed ultrasound is 143.42 and Group B who received cryotherapy is 140.12 and showed that there is an induction of DOMS. When comparison of pulsed ultrasound over cryotherapy shown a significant P < 0.05. Conclusion: Both pulsed ultrasound and cryotherapy are almost equal with each other up to a period of 48 h. However, pulsed ultrasound has an additional effect of increasing the ROM on day 3 onward when compared to cryotherapy.

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