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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 124-127

Anaerobic fitness in children with Down syndrome: A pilot cross-sectional study

1 Department of Pediatric Physiotherapy, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Department of Graduate Studies, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Asir John Samuel
Assistant Professor, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana-133 207, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.180177

Clinical trial registration CTRI/2013/09/3987

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Background: Children with Down syndrome (CDS) have low health-related physical fitness levels. Since, bursts of high-intensity constitute a major part of children's daily activities, it is important to determine the levels of anaerobic fitness in CDS. Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the differences in anaerobic performance between CDS and typically developing children (TDC). Methods: Anaerobic performance was assessed in a group of twelve 8-16 year old CDS and their performance was compared to thirteen age-matched typically developing peers. The anaerobic performance of all children was measured using a field test-muscle power sprint test where children were asked to run six- 15 m sprints. The outcome measure was mean power (MP) that represented the average power output of all sprints. Results: The MP for CDS was 50.1 (25.03-75.2) W in comparison to 145.6 (114.6-176.7) W in TDC. Conclusions: The levels of anaerobic fitness are lower in CDS than in TDC. Implications: The rehabilitation strategies should emphasize strength training in adjunct to aerobic training to improve physical fitness in CDS.

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