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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-52

Comparative study of effect of progressive muscle relaxation and walking on stress and cardiovascular profile in young adults of health sector


1 Department of Physiology, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, India

Correspondence Address:
Arunima Chaudhuri
Department of Physiology, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Krishnasayar South, Borehat, Burdwan - 713 102, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.167754

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Background: Stress has become a part and parcel of modern day life. Lifestyle modifications may be a cost-effective way to improve health and quality of life. Aims: To compare effects of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and walking on stress and cardiovascular profile in young adults working in the health sector. Materials and Methods: This pilot study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital of Eastern India after taking institutional ethical clearance and informed consent of the subjects. One hundred and twenty young adults from the health-care sector with the presumptive life event stress scale of more than 200 were selected for the study. Anthropometric measurements were carried out. Pulse and blood pressure were recorded. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) scores were calculated, lipid profile analyzed, and isometric hand grip test, orthostatic tolerance test, and breath-holding test were done. Study subjects were divided into two groups G1 and G2. Group G1 was asked to practice PMR and Group G2 was advised to walk in the morning for 3 months. All parameters were re-evaluated after 3 months. The primary outcome measures from baseline to final follow-up were measured by blinded observers. Results: There was no difference in age, sex, PSS, cardiovascular profile, and dietary habits between the two groups before training. Ten subjects failed to attend follow-up clinic and were excluded. PSS, cardiovascular profile were significantly improved in both groups after the training session. PSS and cardiovascular profile improved equally in both groups. Conclusion: PMR and walking were equally effective in reducing stress and improving cardiovascular profile in young adults and may be used as a cost-effective way to improve health and quality of life.


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