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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-27

Common injuries in field hockey

1 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, Dammam, K. S. A

Correspondence Address:
Shibili Nuhmani
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, Dammam
K. S. A
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.173477

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Field hockey is considered as a popular sport worldwide next to soccer in popularity. According to National Collegiate Athlete Association overall injury rate is 6.3%/1000 athlete exposure. Mechanism of injury could be extrinsic injury that is, being struck by hockey stick or ball or intrinsic injury due to internal force acting on muscle or an overuse injury which includes tibial stress syndrome, shin soreness, illiotibial band pain, low back dysfunction, tendonitis, patello-femoral pain, planter fasciitis, and stress fracture of foot and leg. Initial approach to injured athlete includes airways, breathing, circulation, rest, ice, compression, elevation, referral protocol, normalize joint range of motion (ROM), restore strengthening, Improve proprioception, agility and balance, minimize chance of re injury by maintaining flexibility. Strengthening and therapeutic exercises that will vary accordingly to the injured part. Countermeasures include preparticipation screening, preseason conditioning, fitness program, adequate warm and pregame stretch, followed by cool down and postgame stretch, following rules and penalty and finally by wearing protective equipment. This article discusses the biomechanics and common injuries in field hockey. Patho-mechanics, diagnosis, and physiotherapy management of the common injures are outlined. This may help the health care practitioners who deals with different injuries related to hockey.

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