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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 131-136

Microscopic hematuria in athletes: A review of the literature

Department of Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Hamdan H Alhazmi
Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, King Saudi University, Riyad
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.156343

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Microscopic hematuria in athletes is a frequent laboratory sign result from vigorous exercise after a period of rest, either in individual sports as running and swimming or in clash sports such as boxing and football. This could be due to renal trauma and/or bladder injury or vasoconstriction of the splanchnic and renal vessels also due to constriction of the efferent glomerular arteriole lead to release of red blood corpuscles and plasma proteins in urine. Such hematuria is a benign self-limited condition 48-72 h. However, other urinary tract problems should be excluded. It is estimated that microscopic hematuria was 18% in athletes immediately after and 3 days post race. This article presents an overview of the current knowledge of microscopic hematuria in athletes focusing on etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. This information should assist healthcare practitioners who treat patients with this disorder.

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