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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-13

Combination of hip-quadriceps strengthening exercise: Is it more potential than single conventional strengthening exercise to reduce pain in patellofemoral pain syndrome patients?

1 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia; Department of Community Medicine, Sports Medicine Program, Jakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Bayushi Eka Putra
Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia Salemba Raya 6, Jakarta 10430
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.131579

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Objective : To determine whether hip-strengthening exercise or combination exercise may relieve pain better than quadriceps-strengthening exercise in adult patellofemoral pain syndrome patients. Materials and Methods: Literature search was performed using PubMed and EMBASE database. Studies were appraised by using the center of evidence-based medicine therapeutic study appraisal sheet. The visual analog scale (VAS) reduction was measured and plotted into forest plot using excel program. Results: Two studies showed better result of hip-quadriceps-strengthening exercise to quadriceps-strengthening exercise [3.31 ± 3.12 vs. 1.5 ± 3.04 and 3.6 ± 2.6 vs. 1.5 ± 2.8], while the other one compared hip-strengthening therapy to quadriceps-strengthening exercise [2.2 ± 4.5 vs. 0.1 ± 4.8]. Conclusion: Hip-quadriceps strengthening exercise gives better result in reducing pain perception in Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) patients compared with hip-strengthening exercise or quadriceps-strengthening exercise.

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