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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 87-89

A study of the effect of automobile pollution on pulmonary function tests of exposed Sportsmen

1 Department of Physiology, PES Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kuppam, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anesthesiology, Basaveshwara Medical College, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Physiology, Basaveshwara Medical College, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Amrith Pakkala
Department of Physiology, PES Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kuppam, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.123384

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Background : Urbanization is associated with an enormous increase in vehicular traffic emitting exhausts and polluting the atmosphere. Airborne dust plays a key part in the overall atmospheric pollution and motor vehicle emissions constitute the most significant source of ultra-particle in an urban environment. Traffic related air pollution is an occupational health hazard to individuals with a work environment close to traffic. Sportsmen who practice near grounds located in the vicinity of traffic junctions through which the maximum number of vehicles passes are more prone to develop health issues pertaining to the respiratory system. The present study intends to study the effect of air pollution on the pulmonary system in sportsmen exposed to automobile exhaust. Material and Methods: This study was conducted by performing pulmonary function tests (PFT) on 20 sportsmen who are exposed to automobile exhaust by virtue of their practicing venue nearer to traffic junctions and comparing them with 20 other age, gender matched and similar anthropometric profile sportsmen who practice in a rural setting free from vehicular air pollution., PFT by computerized spirometer measuring forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV 1 ) , FEV 1 /FVC, peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and forced expiratory flow (FEF) 25-75% were measured. Statistical analysis was carried out by Student t-test (two tailed, independent) for inter group analysis. Results: On comparison of pulmonary function test PFT in the study and control group was seen that there is a decline in dynamic pulmonary function parameters in the study group when compared to controls which is statistically significant. Conclusion: This was a comparative study to demonstrate the effect of air pollution due to automobile exhaust on pulmonary functions of sportsmen exposed to a polluted urban environment with a similar group in the rural relatively pollution free environment., PFT by computerized spirometer measuring FVC, FEV 1, FEV 1 /FVC, PEFR and FEF 25-75% were measured. The results were tabulated and statistically analyzed. It was found that there is a significant decline in various PFT parameters recorded in the study group as compared to the control group.

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